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Reference Entries

Books (whole)
Author last name, Author’s Initials (date). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

Example: Shotton, M.A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency. London, England:  Taylor & Francis.

Electronic-only book:
Author last name, Author’s Initials (date). Title of work. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx

Example:  Shotton, M.A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency.
Retrieved from http://ebookstore.tandf.co.uk/html/index.asp

Book with an editor
Editor last name, editor’s initials (Ed.). (date). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

Example: Shotton, M.A. (Ed.). (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency.
London, England: Taylor & Francis.

Periodicals
Author’s last name, Author’s initials. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, pp-pp.
doi: xx.xxxxxxx

Example: Herbst-Damm, K.L. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health psychology, 24, 225-229. Doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Newspaper Article (Online)
Author’s last name, Author’s initials. (Date of article publication). Article title. Newspaper Title, pp. A1, A4.

Example: Brody, J.E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

Website with an author
Author’s last name, Author’s initials. (Date of article publication). Article title. Retrieved on Month, Day, Year, from web address.

Example: Martin, K.J. (2014).  Brainstorming.  Retrieved on May, 14, 2014 from http://viu.edu/wrmc/writing-lab/tips-and-strategies/brainstorming.html.

Website without an author
Title of article/page (date of publication).  Retrieved on Month, Day, Year, from web address.

Example: Brainstorming (2014).  Retrieved on May, 14, 2014 from http://viu.edu/wrmc/writing-lab/tips-and-strategies/brainstorming.html.
Unpublished (SELF) Citation
Author’s last name, Author’s initials. (Date of article publication). Manuscript title.  Unpublished manuscript, Location where submitted.

Martin, K.J. (2022).  The future of things to come in education.  Unpublished manuscript, Virginia International University.